A 2013 study conducted by Public Citizen has concluded that medical malpractice payments on behalf of doctors are not contributing to any increase in health care costs. Specifically, the study determined that the number of medical malpractice payments on behalf of doctors in 2012 was the lowest on record. Further, the 2012 medical malpractice payment amounts were the lowest recorded. Despite these decreases, health care costs continue to increase as does the financial burden on patients.

This study debunks some common misconceptions that there are too many medical malpractice lawsuits, those who are filing lawsuits are walking away with substantial sums of money, and medical malpractice lawsuits are driving up the costs of health care. In reality, none of these statements are true.